Jainism traces its roots to a succession of 24 Jinas ("those who overcome", or conqueror) in ancient East India. The world's almost 4 million Jains are almost entirely located in India.Each Jina has "conquered love and hate, pleasure and pain, attachment and aversion, and has thereby freed 'his' soul from the karmas obscuring knowledge, perception, truth, and ability..."Some beliefs: The universe exists as a series of layers, both heavens and hells. It had no beginning and will have no ending. It consists of: The supreme abode,the upper world,the middle world,the nether world,the Nigoda,universe space, andspace beyond.Everyone is bound within the universe by one's karma (the accumulated good and evil that one has done).Moksha (liberation from an endless succession of lives through reincarnation) is achieved by enlightenment, which can be attained only through asceticism, non violence, speaking truth, Jains are recommended to pass through four stages during their lifetime: Brahmacharya-ashrama, Gruhasth-ashrama, Vanaprasth-ashrama, and Sanyast-ashrama.Source: ReligiousTolerance.org
A racial category that reflects individuals who identify as Japanese, Nipponese or Japanese American and others.
See: Asian
Source: Census.gov
Jehovah's Witnesses
History: Jehovah's Witnesses is the official name of the religion that accepts the authority of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society. Originally called International Bible Students, followers today are called Jehovah's Witnesses. Charles Taze Russell founded the Zion's Watch Tower in 1879 and later incorporated the group under the name Zion's Watch Tower Tract Society in 1884. Some Beliefs: The Father is the supreme God whose real name is Jehovah. Jesus is a created being known originally as Michael the Archangel; Jesus only rose spiritually, not bodily, from the dead. The Holy Spirit is the impersonal active force of God. Only the anointed class (or little flock) numbering 144,000 will go to heaven, while faithful "other sheep" will live eternally on a paradise earth; the lost and humans who do not receive eternal life will be destroyed and cease to exist. Book: The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures (their own version of the Bible), as well as numerous books. Practices: Has historically rejected the medical practices of vaccinations, organ transplants and blood transfusions but may now contradict their previous doctrinal position. No involvement in political causes or service in the Armed Forces. Rejects the practices of celebrating personal birthdays, Christmas, Easter, Mothers' and Fathers' day as well as most other holidays.
Jewish / Judaism
The religion of Judaism has no dogma, no formal set of beliefs that one must hold to be a Jew. In Judaism, actions are far more important than beliefs, although there is certainly a place for belief within Judaism. Some Jewish Beliefs: Rambam's thirteen principles of faith, which he thought were the minimum requirements of Jewish belief, are:G-d exists,G-d is one and unique,G-d is incorporeal,G-d is eternal,Prayer is to be directed to G-d alone and to no other,The words of the prophets are true,Moses's prophecies are true, and Moses was the greatest of the prophets,The Written Torah (first 5 books of the Bible) and Oral Torah (teachings now contained in the Talmud and other writings) were given to Moses,There will be no other Torah,G-d knows the thoughts and deeds of men,G-d will reward the good and punish the wicked,The Messiah will come,The dead will be resurrected.Judaism focuses on relationships: the relationship between G-d and mankind, between G-d and the Jewish nation, between the Jewish nation and the land of Israel, and between human beings. Writings: The scriptures also specify the mutual obligations created by these relationships, although various movements of Judaism disagree about the nature of these obligations. Some say they are absolute, unchanging laws from G-d (Orthodox); some say they are laws from G-d that change and evolve over time (Conservative); some say that they are guidelines that you can choose whether or not to follow (Reform, Reconstructionist).Source: JewFAQ.org